New Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules Notified

"The new bio-medical waste management rules will change the way country used to manage this waste earlier. Under the new regime, the coverage has increased and also provides for pre-treatment of lab waste, blood samples, etc. It mandates bar code system for proper control. It has simplified categorisation and authorisation.Thus, it will make a big difference to clean India Mission",

Salient features :

  • The ambit of the rules has been expanded to include vaccination camps, blood donation camps, surgical camps or any other healthcare activity;


  • Phase-out the use of chlorinated plastic bags, gloves and blood bags within two years;


  • Pre-treatment of the laboratory waste, microbiological waste, blood samples and blood bags through disinfection orsterilisation on-site in the manner as prescribed by WHO or NACO;


  • Provide training to all its health care workers and immunise all health workers regularly;


  • Establish a Bar-Code System for bags or containers containing bio-medical waste for disposal;


  • Report major accidents;


  • Existing incinerators to achieve the standards for retention time in secondary chamber and Dioxin and Furans within two years;


  • Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 categories instead 10 to improve the segregation of waste at source;


  • Procedure to get authorization simplified. Automatic authorisation for bedded hospitals.


  • The new rules prescribe more stringent standards for incinerator to reduce the emission of pollutants in environment;


  • Inclusion of emissions limits for Dioxin and furans;


  • State Government to provide land for setting up common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility;


  • No occupier shall establish on-site treatment and disposal facility, if a service of `common bio-medical waste treatment facility is available at a distance of seventy-five kilometer.


  • Operator of a common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility to ensure the timely collection of bio-medical waste from the HCFs and assist the HCFs in conduct of training


Bio-medical waste

Biomedical waste comprises human & animal anatomical waste, treatment apparatus like needles, syringes and other materials used in health care facilities in the process of treatment and research.

This waste is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunisation in hospitals, nursing homes, pathological laboratories, blood bank, etc.

Problems of unscientific Bio-medical waste disposal


  • The quantum of waste generated in India is estimated to be 1-2 kg per bed per day in a hospital and 600 gm per day per bed in a clinic.


  • 85% of the hospital waste is non-hazardous, 15% is infectious/hazardous.


  • Mixing of hazardous results in to contamination and makes the entire waste hazardous. Hence there is necessity to segregate and treat.


  • Improper disposal increases risk of infection; encourages recycling of prohibited disposables and disposed drugs; and develops resistant microorganisms


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